Category: Moen-Jo-Daro.

Delisting feared of Moen-Jo-Daro from WHL

LARKANA: December 23, 2011. (Nazir Siyal) A world heritage Moen-Jo-Daro at the stake due to heavy rain and vandalism by visitors, over 50 walls are leaning may collapse one by one, 200 acre area of five thousand ancient Moen-Jo-Daro site encroached by the villages, mobile towers and road communication, no research forum or satellite snaps which is the possible De-listing from World Heritage List (WHL).

The experts has said that there is only single solution to protect and preserve the sites by mud and wall capping of all eight sites and due to heavy rain, for protecting the sites from water gullies, which creates fishers, need to roof making on top by Katcha paving at the gullies roots told the experts.

According to an exclusive survey by this correspondent that Rs. 100 million announced in the year 2010 and tender was also issued in several newspapers for the preserve and protection of various sites of Moen-Jo-Daro, but yet not received or utilize so far and millions before utilized in the papers or seminars at five star hotels at Karachi only told the sources.

A heavy rain and public flooding damaged the 8 sites included DK area, SD area, VS Valts, HR Hargraves area, Munir area, L Dhama area, ABC DK area and M area of Moen-Jo-Daro.

There is no information about UNESCO funded amount, where utilized and what amount yearly. Yet no dry core drilling and sampling upto 39 ft X-axis and Y-axis discovered for the further new excavation or no any boundary marking to cover 800 acre archeological land of Moen-Jo-Daro around the 200 meter trees ring buffer-zone to protect the sites by environment.

It is pertinent to be mentioned here that present Moen-Jo-Daro sites are only 10 percent excavated, that discovered eight sites under 40 to 50 acre of occupation, while there is 800 acre archaeological land of Moen-Jo-Daro, some 200 occupied by the different villages, agricultural land, mobile towers, road communication and others.

Since the government authorities have not made any special arrangements to promote tourism facilities, appearance and other awareness to the national or international visitors at Moen-Jo-Daro, which only seems a mud-bricks mound.

Former Premier Zulfikar Ali Bhuttos’ era in 1973-74, Government of Pakistan organized a seminar that demanded to protect the Moen-Jo-Daro from a threat of soil and salinity due to close River Indus to maintain water level.

On the occasion, 56 tube well were proposed and technically CC drain circle made, which the result 300 to 400 feet bore 27 tube well installed among 80 hrs power in 1984, tube well sucked 8 cusec water in only one second around 1.5 km area, resulted unnatural action damages the pours create space than new pours opened and salinity problem faced on the occasion. In a shape five thousand archaeological sites of Moen-Jo-Daro naturally collapsed, during the period of 1997 project failed and all the tube well were removed or destroyed by the concerned.

According to the experts, there is once need to research either salt or fossils inside and proper study/research of the different Moen-Jo-Daro sites.

There is 42 permanent staff, 25 contract employees and 11 others, including a curator/in-charge along with one conservator, assistant, two supervisors, 2 foreman, 8 site attendants and 2 others serving for the 12 acre garden, Rest House not for visitors and rest of Moen Jo Daro sites on 40 to 50 acre.

Some experts and observers discussed that for the preventive measures to protect the world heritage Moen-Jo-Daro by wall/mud capping of all 55 kilometer walls of archiological sites, these should be originally protected by fabric top, further added under the bricks should be protected with imported geog-textile matter in concave shape to fill the spaces.

Expert says weak wall butters need those leaning walls to protect with mud Pushta, because due to the heat thermal problem affects and need steel shoring protection to the walls.

During heavy rainfall no outlay measures taken to build ponding, so that surrounding water remain in center and no possible De-watering which caused damages the walls and inside under, streets bricks uneven technically.

While, due to the heritage site public flooding is uncontrollable, so need to important walls and areas with fencing wood, speed barkers at restricted areas especially at “Stoopa and Great Bath” by warning roads.

The staff should create awareness among the public about cultural protections as well as the police deployment to avoid any untoward incident at the sites. [Article link]

Category: Moen-Jo-Daro