Category: India, Qutb Minar.

Qutb Minar, New Delhi

The Qutb Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Mehrauli, New Delhi, India.

The Qutb Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Mehrauli, New Delhi, India. Photo Credit: Sawf News

September 26, 2010, (Sawf News) – With the 2010 Commonwealth Games set to start in New Delhi on October 3, it is time to focus on some of the beautiful historic monuments in the Indian capital.

The Qutb Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Mehrauli, New Delhi, India. The Minar is part of the Qutb Complex which includes the Quwwat ul-Islam Mosque, the Alai Gate, the Alai Minar, the Iron pillar, and the tombs of Iltutmish, Alauddin Khilji and Imam Zamin; surrounded by Jain temple ruins.

The Qutb complex in South New Delhi is easily accessible by road and metro rail and open to public from sunrise to sunset.
Dimensions

The Qutb Minar is the tallest stone tower in India with a height of 238 ft. The five storied structure has a diameter of 14.32m (46 ft) at the base and about 2.75m (9 ft) at the top.

Interestingly, the Minar is 5 ft shorter than the Taj Mahal (243 ft).

History

The foundations of Qutb Minar were laid by Qutbuddin Aibak of the Mamluk Dynasty towards the end of the Twelfth Century. Its construction was interrupted at the first storey by his death, and the remaining three storeys were completed in matching material and style by his successor, Iltutmish commonly known as Altamash, in A.D. 1230.

In A.D. 1326 and 1368 the minar was damaged by lightning.

Firuz Shah Tughlug (A.D. 1351-88) dismantled and reconstructed the damaged top storey and replaced it with the existing two storeys faced with marble, making the Minar a five storey structure.

In A.D. 1503, Sikandar Lodi (A.D. 1489 – 1517) also carried out stone restoration in the upper stories of the Minar after it was again damaged by lightning.

Architecture

The variegated plan of the Minar’s three lower storeys, the projecting balconies with stalactite pendentive brackets, and ornate bands of inscriptions on its facades add to its architectural splendor.

The lowest storey of the Minar has alternate angular and circular flutings. The second storey has round flutings and the third storey angular, keeping through-out the same alignment, giving a pleasing vertical look to the structure.

Decorative inscriptional bands define each storey with its undulating curves.

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Category: India, Qutb Minar
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