Category: India.

Trip to Paharpur

Shatabdi Biswas , Student of A Level, Paramount School and College, Rajshahi

Paharpur, widely known as Sompur Buddhist Bihar, which had once produced renowned scholars like Atish Dipankar, where the growth of Hinduism eventually led the way to Buddhist philosophy, has been an arcane monastery city to archaeologists around the world. Although I was unaware of its existence until recently when reading about it in the newspaper, I decided to take a trip to this world heritage site.

The Bihar, quadrangular in shape, has about 177 chambers with rooms that provided accommodation facilities for the monks who gathered there from Tibet and other regions of the world, where engaged in nirvana, they committed themselves to attain ethical and moral purity. This ritual was believed to continue until 13th century, after which foreigners abandoned it due to social unrest and Buddhist migration following invasion.

The significance of the Bihar remained hidden for about 500 years, its rich past imprisoned under the ground, only to be unveiled by the excavations carried out by Alexander Cunningham. The most interesting fact is the Bihar’s central temple, a pyramidal terraced structure built without the help of modern technology, and a courtyard with steps, kitchen with dining arrangement and some other structures, which are thought to be used for official purposes.

However, alarming levels of salinity in the soil, heavy rainfall in the region have destroyed some terracotta plaques, putting the beautiful inscriptions at risk of further damage. I want to thank Mr. Md. Humayun Kabir, Work Supervisor, Archaeology Department, Paharpur, for enlightening me on the wonders our country can offer to the tourists, from both home and abroad.

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Category: India
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