World Heritage Site #779 :: Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

WHS#779 | Mt. Emei & Leshan | Tourist Map | Travel Guide | Photo & Video | News

mount emei world heritage site

State Property: China
Location: Eimeishan City, Sichuan Province
GPS: N29 32 41.64, E103 46 9.3
Date of Inscription: 1996
Criteria: (iv)(vi)(x)
Property : 15,400 ha

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Located in the Sichuan Province, the nominated area includes Mount Emei Scenic and Historical Area, west of Emeishan City, and the Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area, located to the south-east of Leshan City at the confluence of three rivers: Minjiang, Dadu and Qinqyi. Both Scenic Areas, separated by about 40km, are linked by road and are approximately 140km south-west of Chengdu. the provincial capital, with access by highway.

Mount Emei Scenic Area covers 15,400ha. emerging from the western margin of the Chengdu Plain with a relative height difference of 2,600m, ranging from 5OOm at the plains to 3,099m at the highest peak of Mount Emei. It includes a range-of landscapes of undulating hills, valleys, deep gullies and high peaks.

The climate varies significantly with altitude from an annual mean of 3°C in the cold-alpine zone to 17.2°C in the subtropical zone. The site is frequently covered in dense cloud, with associated high rainfall and humidity.

Vegetation coverage of 87% of the nominated property, with five vegetation belts defined according to vertical zonation. These range from subtropical evergreen broadleaf forests in the lowest part to
subalpine shrubs above 2,800m. Some 3,200 plants species have been recorded including a number of local endemies, and included ornamental, medicinal and edible plants of economic or scientific value.

The fa.una comprises 2,300 species of which 29 are under national protection. lt includes some threatened species such as lesser panda, mainland serow, Asiatic golden cat, Tibetan macaque and Chinese giant salamander.

Mount Emei is a place of historical importance being one of the four holy lands of Chinese Buddhism. Archaeological evidence indicates that area was inhabited as long as 10,000 years ago. Mount Emei’s history has been documented and recorded for over 2,000 years during which time a rich Buddhist cultural heritage has accumulated.

Mount Emei and Leshan Buddha is inscribed into world heritage list as per.

Criterion (iv): On Mount Emei, there are over 30 temples, ten of them large and very old; they are in local traditional style and most are built on hillsides, taking advantage of the terrain. In the selection of the site, design, and construction they are masterpieces of great originality and ingenuity. The advanced architectural and building techniques are the quintessence of Chinese temple architecture.

Associated with these temples are found some of the most important cultural treasures of China, including the remarkable Leshan Giant Buddha carved in the 8th century CE out of the hillside of Xijuo Peak. Facing the confluence of the Minjiang, Dadu and Qingyi rivers, it is the tallest Buddha sculpture in the world with a height of 71 meters.

Criterion (vi): On Mount Emei, the importance of the link between the tangible and intangible, the natural and the cultural, is uppermost. Mount Emei is a place of historical significance as one of the four holy lands of Chinese Buddhism. Buddhism was introduced into China in the 1st century CE via the Silk Road from India to Mount Emei, and it was on Mount Emei that the first Buddhist temple in China was built.

The rich Buddhist cultural heritage of Mount Emei has a documented history of over 2,000 years, consisting of archaeological sites, important architecture, tombs, ritual spaces, and collections of cultural artefacts, including sculpture, stone inscriptions, calligraphy, painting, and music, among other traditional arts.

Criterion (x): Mount Emei is a site of special significance to conservation and to science for its high floral diversity. The biodiversity of the site is exceptionally rich: some 3,200 plant species in 242 families have been recorded, of which 31 are under national protection and more than 100 species are endemic. This is due to its transitional location at the edge of the Sichuan basin and the eastern Himalayan highlands. Within its elevation range of 2,600 m are found a great variety of vegetation zones including subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest, mixed evergreen and deciduous broad-leaved forest, mixed broad-leaved and conifer forests, and subalpine conifer forest. This exceptional flora is also rich in animal species with some 2,300 species recorded, including several threatened at a global scale.

Category: Mount Emei&Leshan